- (c. 205–70)Philosopher.Plotinus established an independent school of philosophy in Rome, Italy. He was himself of Egyptian origin, but he taught in Greek. He is remembered as the originator of the neo-Platonist system. He believed in a single indivisible being, who was the ultimate cause of the universe. This One stood at the top of a hierarchy of being – each stage proceeding from the one above. Thus the One was said to produce the Divine Mind and the Divine Mind produced the Soul, on which the entire created world depended for its existence. The soul of the individual, like its heavenly counterpart, must strive to know the truth through contemplation. Through reincarnation and ascetic living, each individual soul has the potential to achieve union with the One. Plotinus himself was not a Christian, but his philosophy was highly influential on theologians such as Augustine and Pseudo-Dionysius, and has thus become part of the mystical heritage of the Church.P. Merlan, From Platonism to Neo-Platonism 2nd edn (1960);J.M. Rist, Plotinus: The Road to Reality (1969).
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PLOTINUS — Philosophus Platonicus, Aegyptius natione, e civitate Lyco, discipulus Ammonii, Philosophi Christiani, praeceptor Porphyrii, Galieni, Taciti et Probi temporibus. Sub Philippo, Romae docuit, non Idololatras modo, sed et Christianos habens… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Plotinus — [plō tī′nəs] A.D. 205 270; Rom. Neoplatonic philosopher, born in Egypt … English World dictionary
Plotinus — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Ancient philosophy color = #B0C4DE image size = 200px image caption = Plotinus name = Plotinus birth = 204, Lycopolis death = 270, Campania school tradition = Neoplatonism main interests =… … Wikipedia
Plotinus — /ploh tuy neuhs/, n. A.D. 205? 270?, Roman philosopher, born in Egypt. * * * born AD 205, Lyco, or Lycopolis, Egypt? died 270, Campania Egyptian Roman philosopher. At age 27 he traveled to Alexandria, where he studied philosophy for 11 years. In… … Universalium
Plotinus — Plotin Plotin (griechisch Πλωτίνος oder Πλωτῖνος/Plōtinos, * um 205 in Lykonpolis (heute Assiut) in Ägypten; † um 270 in Minturnae, Kampanien) war ein griechischer Philosoph; er gilt als der Hauptvertreter des Neuplatonismus … Deutsch Wikipedia
Plotinus — (c. 205 70 ce) The traditional founder of Neoplatonism, Plotinus wrote many wide ranging essays, which were posthumously collected and published in groups of nine as the Enneads by his disciple Porphyry. According to Plotinus, the One (God)… … Christian Philosophy
Plotinus — (c. AD 205–270) The founder of Neoplatonism . Plotinus was born in Egypt. After study with the Alexandrian teacher Ammonius Saccus, he travelled in pursuit of wisdom to Persia, but eventually fled to Antioch and Rome in 244. Under the protection… … Philosophy dictionary
Plotinus — biographical name A.D. 205 270 Roman (Egyptian born) philosopher • Plotinian adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
Plotinus — See Neo Platonism … History of philosophy
PLOTINUS — an Alexandrian philosopher of the Neo Platonic school, born at Lycopolis, in Egypt; he taught philosophy at Rome, a system in opposition to the reigning scepticism of the time, and which based itself on the intuitions of the soul elevated into … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia